The software testing process is a complex but necessary set of actions called a software testing life cycle. The STLC is a step-by-step quality assurance strategy to make sure there is not a bug ridden UX. It also helps to make sure a QA engineer didn’t miss any critical part of the testing.
As testers are not only for finding bugs, it is required for them to be more technical and process-oriented. The software testing life cycle includes many steps, which can be confusing without a system.
That is why there are three primary stages: preparation, execution, and conclusion. Let’s dig in to explore what software testing steps are hiding under these general terms.
Detailed preparation is critically important in any area. Without correct data, requirements, planning, and analysis, the process can turn into chaos.
It’s hard for a QA engineer to understand the client’s expectations without exact requirements. There is no such request like “to ensure there are no bugs in the software,” as you can find in testing blogs. So, the product owner gazes information from a client to know what is needed and convert it into a tech language.
It is also necessary to understand the complexity of the product, which affects the number of testing stages and their level. Based on this, the correspondence to the skills and knowledge of the team is determined.
At this stage of the STLC, the team analyzes the requirements. Any testers blog can tell about the importance of making sure to what extent the requirements are feasible according to essential criteria:
- Unambiguity. Each statement of requirements must be legible and understandable.
- Consistency. Requirements must not conflict with each other or with applicable standards.
- Traceability. Each claim must have a unique identifier to track its evolution throughout its life cycle.
- Practicability. Make sure clients don’t have unrealistic requirements for development time and technical requirements.
- Testability. If some feature cannot be tested, a QA team should communicate it during the analysis phase to plan a mitigation strategy.
The analysis focuses on gazing all necessary information to create the most productive and suitable quality assurance strategy. You can also learn more about best testing practices on the TestFort blog.
During the planning phase, testers identify activities and resources that will help achieve test goals. During planning, key figures are also defined, and the method for collecting and tracking those indicators.
In addition to requirements, two other important factors affect test planning:
- Test strategy of the organization;
- Risk analysis: risk management and mitigation.
Appropriate test methods are also determined from the analysis at the planning stage. All these factors are taken into account when planning and form a phased testing strategy, taking into account all the nuances.
At this stage, the team determines how to test. Test conditions need to be detailed, which implies dividing into several sub-conditions. This helps to increase testing coverage effectively. Next, testers define and retrieve test data to work with.
Test design involves setting up a test environment so that all testing requirements can be met. Monitoring metrics and test coverage create to accommodate all needs.
Before the process, testers have to determine the testing method. Depending on this, a set of actions is determined. In any case, the first thing to do is create sample test cases.
It is essential to sign test suites before running them. Prioritize test cases and determine which test case will be part of the regression set. Before completing the test case, it is requisite to conduct a review to ensure that the test cases are correct.
This is the software testing life cycle stage where all preparation, analysis, and design are carried out in practice, considering all the details. Recommendation: Before proceeding, make sure that your entry criteria are met.
Run test cases, file defects in case of any inconsistencies. Fill in the traceability metrics at the same time to track your progress. This data will also be helpful at the reporting stage.
Few testers like to create reporting documents of active actions after execution. In fact, this part is crucial for both the customer and the contractor. Detailed data in the report gives a clear understanding that the task is 100% completed.
This information shows the customer what the problem was and the fact of its solution. Thus, a QA engineer has relevant information, can clarify the necessary points, and operate with facts. Also, in case of some changes, a tester has a history of QA to take information further.
Check the critical points before completing the task to ensure the quality of execution:
- Match the initial requirements with the final result.
- Check if all test cases are running and make sure no Severity 1 defects are open.
- Conduct a meeting with a prepared report. Explain what went well, where it could be improved, and what could be improved.
So the life cycle implies a standard process to achieve results with high effectivity and productivity. QA specialists do plenty of work to assure future customer satisfaction without any UX difficulties.
Follow the phases to optimize your QA workflow and to get your best for a client’s business goals. Such an approach will lead your software testing agency to a new high-quality level.